We've gathered the resources below for learning more about redlining and housing discrimination.
(* Recommended Reads)
- *The "Careful" Means of Systematic Restrictions Against African Americans, or: Why There is No Black History in San Leandro by Mary Lee Barr (view pdf version)
- Alien Neighbors, Foreign Friends: Asian Americans, Housing, and the Transformation of Urban California by Charlotte Brooks
- *Not a Genuine Black Man: Or, How I Claimed My Piece of Ground in the Lily-White Suburbs by Brian Copeland
- Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism by James W. Loewen
- As Long as They Don't Move Next Door: Segregation and Racial Conflict in American Neighborhoods by Stephen Grant Meyer
- Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland by Robert O. Self
- *The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America by Richard Rothstein
- Family Properties: Race, Real Estate, and the Exploitation of Black Urban America by Beryl Satter
- *American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland by Robert O. Self
- Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Homeownership by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
- The Warmth of Other Suns: the Epic Story of America's Great Migration by Isabel Wilkerson
- A Matter of Place - A documentary from the Fair Housing Justice Center, explains several place-related problems renters and homebuyers encounter as a result of housing discrimination. (2013, 28 mins.)
- Housing Segregation and Redlining in America: A Short History - NPR’s Code Switch explains why neighborhoods are still segregated and how housing discrimination continues to effect families and neighborhoods today. (2018, 7 mins.)
- Owned: A Tale of Two Americas - A look into the history behind the US housing economy. The documentary exposes a foundational story few Americans understand as their own. (2018, 1:23)
- Segregated by Design - This animated film, based on "The color of Law" by Richard Rothstein, examines the forgotten history of how our federal, state and local governments unconstitutionally segregated every major metropolitan area in America through law and policy. (2019, 18 mins.)
- Suburban Wall video: The 1971 news segment that helped expose the discriminatory housing practices in San Leandro.
- Invisible Wall video: The 1981 follow up to the "Suburban Wall".
Websites & Online Sources
- Bay Area Census: Census data from 1860-2010.
- Mapping Inequality: Interactive website which allows you to explore the redlining maps and area descriptions developed throughout the U.S. in the 1930s.
- NPR's Fresh Air interview with Richard Rothstein, author of The Color of Law
- The Other and Belonging Institute research on Housing: Articles and research on housing policy history in the California
- Roots, Race, & Place: A History of Racially Exclusionary Housing in the San Francisco Bay Area, report traces the roots of Bay Area racial exclusion..
Articles, Documents and Reports
- Redlining Area Descriptions for San Leandro (Home Owner's Loan Corporation, 1937 - Courtesy of Mapping Inequality)
- Underwriting Manual (Federal Housing Administration, February 1938)
- "New Approach to Race Problem Is Undertaken Here" (San Leandro News-Observer, May 21, 1948)
- Excerpt from: "The Troubled American: A Special Report on the White Majority" By Karl Fleming (Newsweek, October 6, 1969)
- "Patterns and Practices of Housing Discrimination in San Leandro, California" (National Committee Against Housing and Discrimination, May 13, 1971)
- Redlining & Housing Discrimination Exhibit Content Resources (2022)
- San Leandro Mayor Jack Maltester's Response to NCDH Report (September 24, 1971)
- “The White Noose” (by Terry Link, San Francisco Magazine, Nov 1971)
- San Leandro Freedom of Choice in Housing Report (City of San Leandro, August 1973)