Educator Resources

3rd Grade - San Leandro History Resources

A collection of online resources for local 3rd grade curriculum.

3rd Grade History Posters for Classroom

  1. Ohlone 
  2. Missions
  3. Ranchos
  4. Cherry City 

Discussion Questions:

  • Who are the first people to live in present day San Leandro?

  • What is an elder?

  • Who are your elders?

  • Name one thing baskets were used for?

  • What are the different techniques they used to hunt?

  • The Ohlone were “Hunters and Gatherers” what do you think that means?

  • Does the Ohlone Child go to school? Who do they learn from?

  • Do the children still learn?

  • Compare your life to the life of children in an Ohlone village, how is it similar and different from yours?

East Bay Regional Park District Curriculum 


Click here to access the Ohlone Curriculum with Bay Miwok Content and Introduction to Delta Yokuts by the East Bay Regional Park District.

San Leandro History Museum 

3rd Grade Virtual tour

Vocabulary List

Muwekma Ohlone: American Indian lineage aboriginal to the San Francisco Bay region who trace their ancestry through Mission Dolores, Santa Clara, and San Jose; the first people who lived on the land we now call San Leandro  Pronunciation


Jalquin/ Halkin: the Muwekma Ohlone name for this area before it was given the name San Leandro  Pronunciation Guide  Pronunciation 


elders: the adults in the village, role models, highly respected and valued for wisdom and skills; they taught the children in the village about their culture and the world around them; how to hunt, gather food, told stories about how things came to be


Chochenyo: the Muwekma Ohlone language spoken in what we know as San Leandro today; still spoken today by Ohlone descendants  Pronunciation


acorns: the fruit of the oak tree, a smooth oval nut in a rough cup-shaped base.


tule: a tall plant that grows in marshland; gathered for making homes, boats, and baby baskets  Pronunciation


Ruwwas: (pronounced rooway) what tule homes were called.


baskets: a container made from plants, used to gather plants, foods, trapping fish, cooking, and storing food and jewelry; an important part of the Ohlone culture;


acorn mush: a nutritious nutty flavored oatmeal-like dish; one of the main food staples in Ohlone diet; made by leaching ground acorns, mixing with water, and heated using cooking stones

hunting: the activity of hunting or capturing wild animals for food


sweathouse: a house-like structure, hunters went inside to prepare for an upcoming hunt; to sweat out human scent


camouflage: use of materials or color, to disguise as something else


bolas: from Spanish word “ball”, a throwing and/or hunting tool made with weights or animal bones on the ends of interconnected cords used to capture birds and small animals by entangling their legs


pump drill: a handmade tool used for boring or making holes into shells using simple linear motion that is easy for a human to produce and turn into rotation


obsidian: a naturally occurring volcanic rock (glass) used to make sharp cutting tools


ceremony: a special gathering or occasion to celebrate a particular event, and give prayer


regalia: special jewelry and clothing worn for dances or special events